Bài tập tự luyện Tiếng Anh Lớp 11 - Unit 1 - Reading (Có đáp án)

Read about birthdays around the world, and answer the questions with the name of a country or 
countries. You should spend maximum 10 minutes doing this reading exercise without looking up 
dictionaries. Then use dictionaries to learn new words
Birthdays around the world
In China, people believe that tigers protect children. Family members bring newborns special food and 
present them with gifts of clothing or toys decorated with tigers. When a Chinese girl or boy turns one 
year old, a variety of objects and toys are placed on the floor around the child. According to ancient 
beliefs, the object that the child chooses is a symbol that shows the profession he or she will pursue in life. 
In India, on a Hindu child's first birthday, his or her head is shaved. Removing the hair is said to remove 
any evil from the child’s past lives. On the actual day of their birthday, children wear very colourful 
clothing to school and hand out chocolates to the whole of their class. They also kneel and touch their 
parents' feet as a sign of respect. They also then visit a shrine, where the child is blessed. 
In Japan, it is thought to be especially lucky when children turn 3, 5 or 7. They take part in the Shichi-go-
san Festival (meaning ‘Seven-Five-Three’), which is celebrated every year on 15 November. Children and 
their families visit a shrine or other place of worship, in order to give thanks for good health, and they ask 
to be blessed with a healthy and fortunate life. 
In Korea, Paegil (the 100th day after a child's birth) is a day of feasting for the child's family. Similarly, on 
a Korean child’s first birthday, a party called a Tol or Dol is held. Family and friends gather to enjoy food 
together and offer the one-year-old gifts of money. 
Children’s birthdays in Mexico feature a piñata, a hollow object shaped like an animal, a car or some 
other object. The piñata is hung from the ceiling, the children’s eyes are covered, and each child takes 
turns hitting the piñata with a stick until it breaks open. When the sweets and toys fall onto the floor ,
everyone scrambles to collect them. People believe that the child who breaks open the piñata will have 
good luck. 
In Nigeria the 1st, 5th, 10th and 15th birthdays are very important events and people celebrate with big 
parties of 100 guests or more. This involves a feast where often a whole cow or goat is roasted.
In Scotland, children are given a pound coin for every year of their life, plus an extra pound for good luck. 
The child also receives a soft smack on the bottom for each year.
In Vietnam, people do not celebrate the actual day they were born. Instead, everyone's birthday is 
celebrated on New Year’s Day (Tet in Vietnamese). On the morning of Tet, parents, brothers and sisters, 
relatives and close friends congratulate children on becoming a year older and give them red envelopes 
that contain ‘Lucky Money’. 
pdf 2 trang Yến Phương 15/03/2023 3400
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  1. Unit 1 READING (BÀI TẬP TỰ LUYỆN) Giáo viên: NGUY ỄN KIỀU OANH Read about birthdays around the world, and answer the questions with the name of a country or countries. You should spend maximum 10 minutes doing this reading exercise without looking up dictionaries. Then use dictionaries to learn new words Birthdays around the world In China, people believe that tigers protect children. Family members bring newborns special food and present them with gifts of clothing or toys decorated with tigers. When a Chinese girl or boy turns one year old, a variety of objects and toys are placed on the floor around the child. According to ancient beliefs, the object that the child chooses is a symbol that shows the profession he or she will pursue in life. In India, on a Hindu child's first birthday, his or her head is shaved. Removing the hair is said to remove any evil from the child’s past lives. On the actual day of their birthday, children wear very colourful clothing to school and hand out chocolates to the whole of their class. They also kneel and touch their parents' feet as a sign of respect. They also then visit a shrine, where the child is blessed. In Japan, it is thought to be especially lucky when children turn 3, 5 or 7. They take part in the Shichi-go- san Festival (meaning ‘Seven-Five-Three’), which is celebrated every year on 15 November. Children and their families visit a shrine or other place of worship, in order to give thanks for good health, and they ask to be blessed with a healthy and fortunate life. th In Korea, Paegil (the 100 day after a child's birth) is a day of feasting for the child's family. Similarly, on a Korean child’s first birthday, a party called a Tol or Dol is held. Family and friends gather to enjoy food together and offer the one-year-old gifts of money. Children’s birthdays in Mexico feature a piñata, a hollow object shaped like an animal, a car or some other object. The piñata is hung from the ceiling, the children’s eyes are covered, and each child takes turns hitting the piñata with a stick until it breaks open. When the sweets and toys fall onto the floor, everyone scrambles to collect them. People believe that the child who breaks open the piñata will have good luck. st th th th In Nigeria the 1 , 5 , 10 and 15 birthdays are very important events and people celebrate with big parties of 100 guests or more. This involves a feast where often a whole cow or goat is roasted. In Scotland, children are given a pound coin for every year of their life, plus an extra pound for good luck. The child also receives a soft smack on the bottom for each year. In Vietnam, people do not celebrate the actual day they were born. Instead, everyone's birthday is celebrated on New Year’s Day (Tet in Vietnamese). On the morning of Tet, parents, brothers and sisters, relatives and close friends congratulate children on becoming a year older and give them red envelopes that contain ‘Lucky Money’. - Trang | 1 -
  2. Unit 1 Question In which country or countries Example: Do people hit something or someone? Mexico, Scotland 1. Do children receive a financial gift on their birthday? , , . 2. Do people observe their birthday with a religious ceremony? , . 3. Do people try to predict someone’s future? . 4. Are some birthdays more important than others? , . 5. Is the birthday celebration not held on the exact date of the birthday? - Trang | 2 -